The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), transliterated as the Indian People's Party, is a prominent political entity in India, currently holding the position of the ruling party since 2014 with Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the helm. Aligned with right-wing politics, the BJP shares close ties with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a volunteer paramilitary organization. The party's ideology adheres to Hindutva, a Hindu nationalist perspective, and it stands as the largest political party in India in terms of parliamentary and state legislative representation as of December 2023. Originating from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, established in 1951 by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, the BJP emerged from the dissolution of the Janata Party in 1980. Initially facing setbacks, the party gained momentum through the Ram Janmabhoomi movement in Uttar Pradesh. Over the years, the BJP achieved success in state and national elections, becoming the largest political party in the Parliament in 1996. Despite a brief stint in power in 1998 and 1999 under the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), it wasn't until 2014 that the BJP, led by Narendra Modi, secured a significant victory in the general election. The BJP's official ideology is integral humanism, formulated by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965. While initially focusing on liberal economic policies during its first national government, the BJP, since returning to power in 2014, has aligned with the priorities of the RSS. This includes measures such as criminalizing triple talaq and revoking Article 370, which granted autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir. However, India has faced criticism for democratic backsliding under BJP rule since 2014.